Category Archives: El Salvador

Si los deseos fueran peces…

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Si los deseos fueron peces … o lo que desearía fueron los puntos de discusión en el debate sobre inmigración.

..traducido de If wishes were fishes para mis amigos y amigas, con mucho aprecio y respeto. Disculpan el espanglish, eh?

Si la construcción de una solución realmente fuera parte del debate actual sobre la inmigración, deberíamos estar considerando estrategias y acciones de largo plazo que disminuirían la presión para emigrar y atenuar el atolladero que solo sirve para avivar las llamas del conflicto político.

Como publiqué en julio de 2014 en Competencia Política, “La situación de los niños es, de hecho, muy real. Pero, ¿hemos tenido parte en la creación de la crisis porque nos negamos a responder a cualquier otro estímulo? “Parece estar claro que no hemos progresado en este aspecto.

Confieso mi vacilación para entrar en la riña sobre este tema en este momento, dado el tono emocional que ha alcanzado. Sin embargo, y en contra de todo buen juicio y consejo, me veo obligado a hablar sobre el tema de la inmigración, una vez más, y desde mi perspectiva particular. A modo de introducción, mi punto de vista proviene de vivir y trabajar durante los últimos 35 años en El Salvador, 22 de esos años en el norte de Morazán, un importante punto de origen para la migración ilegal a los Estados Unidos. Tengo amigos y ex empleados que han tomado esta ruta hacia el norte en busca de oportunidades y conozco niños que han pasado por las jaulas en la ruta para reunirse con sus padres.

Necesitamos urgentemente comenzar a buscar alternativas a la inmigración ilegal tradicional. El Programa de Guest Worker (Trabajadores Invitados) actual es un buen lugar para comenzar. ¿Por qué no estamos buscando cómo modificar ese programa para beneficio mutuo? Todos los que conozco, sin excepción, han ido a los EE UU con la idea de encontrar un empleo remunerado durante algunos años y regresar a casa. El programa actual está limitado en alcance y duración. A medida que mejore la economía de los EE UU y disminuya el desempleo, el mercado de trabajo tenderá a abrirse, con oportunidades en la construcción, manufactura y otros servicios (considero que el campo de atención para personas mayores es una oportunidad real). ¿No podríamos negociar mejores condiciones y luego preparar a técnicos capacitados para industrias específicas? El objetivo del Programa de Guest Worker es permitir la entrada de aquellos necesarios para la industria, pero con garantía que no se mantendrán indefinidamente. Tener un trabajo en esas condiciones y poder viajar libremente para ver a la familia en casa reduciría en gran medida tanto el estatus de inmigración ilegal como la consecuente fractura de las familias, lo que motiva el envío de menores no acompañados en el extremadamente peligroso viaje hacia el norte.

El otro punto central bastante obvio es revisar las condiciones en el país de origen, en este caso El Salvador, que provocan altos niveles de migración ilegal. La falta de oportunidad económica, la violencia de las pandillas y la extorsión se citan como factores principales para tomar la decisión de ir al norte. El reciente anuncio de Jeff Sessions, el Fiscal General de los Estados Unidos, de que la violencia doméstica y de pandillas generalmente no sería aceptada como fundamento para los casos de asilo básicamente ha cerrado la vía que ha sido la principal motivación más reciente para la migración. Esto devuelve la responsabilidad de esas condiciones directamente al gobierno salvadoreño.

Si bien las décadas de intervención externa en América Central han cobrado un alto precio en vidas, soberanía depuesta y corrupción institucionalizada, debemos superar la etapa de victimización que tiene un dominio absoluto en toda la región. Se podría argumentar que la “guerra fría” de los 80 realmente persiste, con diferente intensidad, tácticas y jugadores. La autodeterminación parece estar fuera de alcance, incluso a la luz de los programas de “desarrollo”. Parecería que la mayor aspiración permitida a El Salvador es convertirse en el vendedor callejero de artesanía en el mercado mundial.

Dentro de este contexto, realmente temo que el problema de la inmigración en la frontera sur de EE UU no sea más que un peón en el juego más grande. Debemos reconocer que esto se desarrolla en un contexto más amplio de lo que claramente es una guerra total entre el globalismo y el nacionalismo. Esto es una ocurrencia natural; el péndulo de la civilización oscila en una dirección y luego en la otra. El presidente Trump es una manifestación importante, pero no la única, de este cambio mundial en la dirección hacia el nacionalismo. El cambio es natural, pero no sin oposición, ya que muchas instituciones y órganos rectores se han fundado en principios globalistas y, por lo tanto, luchan por su propia existencia.

El otro factor que acompaña a este fenómeno es el cambio en los criterios con referencia a la aplicación de la ley. En general, la tendencia globalista parece inclinarse hacia una interpretación y aplicación más amplia y flexible de los criterios de la ley, mientras que el nacionalismo se apega más al “imperio de la ley”. Vemos esto jugando en la retórica pública estadounidense, durante la discusión sobre la marihuana, la investigación interno de Departamento de Justicia y ahora con el tema de la inmigración.

Uno esperaría que el concepto de “imperio de la ley” se corta en ambos sentidos en este cambio de posicionamiento global, ya que la última serie de intervenciones estadounidenses en Honduras (el golpe de 2009 y otras intromisiones electorales) ha contribuido directamente al problema de la inmigración ilegal.

Entonces, si los deseos fueran peces, estaríamos examinando la responsabilidad compartida entre las naciones, con reglas claras, pasando de la victimización a la autodeterminación, y trabajando para mejorar las condiciones socioeconómicas en El Salvador, así como en otros países centroamericanos.

Hay que elegir entre defender “cómo han sido las cosas siempre” o posicionarnos para prosperar bajo nuevas condiciones globales. Debemos ser proactivos y estar dispuestos a negociar. Sobre todo, debemos abandonar el juego de asignar culpa que nos atrapa en una espiral descendente sin fin, incluso cuando tenemos toda la convicción de la verdad.

La frontera que más me llama la atención es el río Torola. Las familias se rompen a diario cuando un padre o madre deja el norte de Morazán para buscar oportunidades de trabajo en otro lugar. Los jóvenes huyen cuando su nombre aparece en una lista de exterminio, tal vez con razón, tal vez no. Las dificultades económicas ocurren cuando las personas pagan un sobreprecio de hasta 15 veces más de lo que usted y yo pagamos por un boleto de avión para hacer el viaje. No todos logran sobrevivir el viaje. La mayoría de las mujeres pagan extra con sus cuerpos y su dignidad. Una vez allá, viven en las sombras, sin derechos ni estatus legal. Lo siento, pero esa es la realidad de cómo opera la inmigración ilegal. ¡Esa no es la solución por más que se retuerza a la imaginación!

Si los deseos fueran peces … estaríamos construyendo soluciones.

Ron Brenneman

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If wishes were fishes…

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If wishes were fishes.. Or what I wish were the talking points in the immigration debate.

If building a solution is actually to be part of the current debate on immigration, we should be looking at long term strategies and actions that would diminish the pressure to migrate and lessen the quagmire that only serves to stoke the flames of political conflict.

As I posted in July 2014 in Politically Competent, “The “plight of the children” is in fact very real. But have we had a part in creating the crisis because we refuse to respond to any other stimulus?” It would seem to be clear that we have not progressed in this respect.

I do confess my hesitancy to enter in the fray on this issue at this time, given the emotional pitch it has reached. Nevertheless, and against all better judgement and council, I am compelled to speak to the immigration issue, once again, and from my particular perspective. By way of introduction, my point of view comes from living and working during the past 35 years in El Salvador, 22 of those years in northern Morázan, a major point of origin for illegal migration to the USA. I have friends and former employees who have taken the route north in search of opportunity and I know children who have gone through the cages on route to reunite with their parents.

We sorely need to start looking at alternatives to traditional illegal immigration. The current Guest Worker Program is a good place to start. Why are we not looking how to modify that program for mutual benefit? Everyone I know, without an exception, has gone to the USA with the idea of finding gainful employment for a few years and to return home. The current program is limited in scope and in duration. As the US economy improves and unemployment drops, the job market will tend to open up, with opportunity in construction, manufacturing and other services (I see the senior care field as a real opportunity). Could we not negotiate better conditions and then actually prepare trained technicians for specific industries? The objective of the Guest Worker Program is to allow for the entry of those needed for industry but to guarantee they will not being staying on indefinitely. To hold a job under those conditions and to be able to travel freely to see family at home would greatly reduce both illegal immigration status and the ensuing fracturing of families which motivates the sending of unaccompanied minors on the extremely dangerous journey north.

The other rather obvious pivotal point is looking at the conditions in the home country, in this case El Salvador, that provoke high levels of illegal migration. Lack of economic opportunity, gang violence and extorsion are cited as major factors in making the decision to go north. The recent announcement by Jeff Sessions, the US General Attorney, that domestic and gang violence would generally not be accepted as grounds for asylum cases has basically closed down the avenue that recently has been the most recent major motivation for migration. This returns the responsibility of those conditions squarely back on the Salvadoran government.

While decades of outside intervention in Central America have taken a heavy toll in lives, deposed sovereignty and institutionalized corruption, we must get past the victimization stage which has a stranglehold on the entire region. It could be argued that the “cold war” of the 80s actually lingers on, with different intensity, tactics and players. Self determination seems out of reach, even in the light of “development” programs. It would appear that the highest aspiration allowed of El Salvador is to become the artesian street vendor in the world market.

Within this context, actually I fear the immigration issue at the US southern border may be no more than a pawn in the larger game. We must recognize that this is playing out in a broader context of what is clearly an all out battle between globalism and nationalism. This is a natural occurrence; the pendulum of civilization swings in one direction and then the other. President Trump is a major, but not the only, manifestation of this world wide change in direction towards nationalism. The change is natural but not unopposed, as many institutions and governing bodies have been founded on globalist principles and thus are fighting for their very existence.

The other factor accompanying this phenomena is the change in criteria with reference to application of law. In general, the globalist tendency seems to lean towards a broader interpretation and application of criteria of law, while nationalism holds more to “rule of law”. We see this playing out in the public rhetoric, during the discussion regarding marijuana, the DOJ investigation and now with immigration.

One would hope that the “rule of law” concept cuts both ways in this changing global positioning, as the latest series of US interventions in Honduras (the 2009 coup and other election meddling) have directly contributed to the illegal immigration problem.

So, if wishes were fishes, we would be looking at dual responsibility between nations, with clear rules, getting past victimization into self determination, and working towards improving social economic conditions in El Salvador, as well as other Central American countries.

The choice must be made between making a stand for “how things have always been” or positioning ourselves to prosper under new global conditions. We must be proactive and be willing to negotiate. Above all, we must abandon the blame game which traps us into a never-ending downward spiral, even when we hold the conviction of truth.

The border that has my attention is the Torola River. Families are broken on a daily basis as a parent leaves northern Morazán to find work opportunity elsewhere. Young people flee as their name shows up on an extermination list, perhaps by reason, perhaps not. Economic hardship occurs as people pay up to 15 times what you and I pay for a plane ticket to make the trip. Not all make it through alive. Most women pay extra with their bodies and dignity. Once there, they live in the shadows, without rights or legal status. Sorry, but that is the reality of how illegal immigration operates. That is no solution by any stretch of the imagination!

If wishes were fishes… we would be building solutions.

Ron Brenneman

 

Relevant education

Planting

traslated from Educación pertinente

Relevant education. Exactly what do we mean by relevant education? Whenever a new phrase is used to describe some new process, there is a danger of falling into the assumption that we all handle the same interpretation, moreso when it becomes a fashionable term.

So that we are on the same page on the subject, we should define it. For us, the Perkin Educational Opportunities Foundation, relevant education is defined by the concepts of Adaptation, Transformation and Insertion.

Adaptation refers to situational awareness, of being conscience of our position in the economic, social and cultural processes of our environment and the relationship and connection or influence with the broader environment, including global trends. Then, once aware, to equip ourselves in the best manner to face and even thrive in those conditions.

Transformation involves starting with what we have at hand, what we know, with our experiences and practices, and then based on those, and with the needs and opportunities of our environment, to build new practices and processes to improve our surroundings. We can not confuse transformation with transplantation. The transplant of methodology and practices implies maintaining dependence on external forces. Transformation develops from strengthening our own roots.

Insertion into the labor market and full participation in the transformational processes are required in order for an educational program to qualify as relevant. Access to real employment and self-employment options and access to specialization training for this purpose are the only evidence of the relevance of an educational program.

Education is relevant to the extent that the student is equipped, not only with academic and technical skills, but with the skills of adaptation, the power of transformation and with full integration into the socio-economic and cultural development of their environment.

-Ron Brenneman

Educación pertinente

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Exactamente qué queremos decir con eso de educación pertinente? Siempre cuando una frase nueva se utiliza para describir algún proceso nuevo, podemos caer en la suposición que todos manejamos la misma interpretación, más cuando se convierte en un término de moda.

Para que estemos en la misma página sobre el tema, mejor lo definimos. Para nosotros, la Fundación Perquín para el Fomento de Oportunidades Educativas, la educación pertinente se define con los conceptos de Adaptación, Transformación e Inserción.

Adaptación se refiere a la conciencia situacional, de ubicarnos en los procesos económicos, sociales y culturales de nuestro entorno y su relación y conexión o influencia del entorno más amplio, incluyendo las tendencias a nivel global. Eso, para luego equiparnos de la mejor forma para enfrentar y hasta prosperar en dichas condiciones.

Transformación implica iniciar con lo que tenemos a la mano, lo que conocemos, la experiencia y la práctica nuestra, y luego en base a ello, y a partir de las necesidades y oportunidades de nuestro entorno, ir construyendo nuevas prácticas y procesos para mejorar éste entorno más cercano. No podemos confundir transformación por trasplantación. El trasplante de metodología y prácticas implica mantener dependencia de fuerzas externas. La transformación sale desarrollándose de las raíces propias nuestras.

La Inserción laboral y participación plena en los procesos de transformación son requeridos para poder calificar de pertinente a la educación propuesta o programada. Acceso a opciones reales de empleo y autoempleo y acceso a formación en especializaciones para tal fin son las únicas pruebas de la pertinencia de un programa educativo.

La educación es pertinente en la medida que el estudiante es equipado, no solo de capacidades académicas y técnicas, sino con las competencias de adaptación, el poder de transformación y con la plena inserción en el desarrollo socioeconómico y cultural de su entorno.

-Ron Brenneman

Cause and effect- the migration problem

North Morazan

The north of Morazán, in the mountainous north-east of El Salvador is hands down the most beautiful place in the world. Yet it has one of the highest rates of migration in the country of young people seeking opportunity elsewhere. Many are in the USA, most with no legal status to be there.

Why, you would ask, would anyone in their right mind leave the most beautiful place in the world and leave family and children behind to live in the shadows in a foreign land where they are not fully welcome.

Leaving politics aside, where all positions may be justified, let us take a look at cause and effect. The north of Morazán was a free fire zone during the Salvadoran civil war, causing 100% displacement of the civilian population and complete destruction of productive infrastructure. As a volunteer during the 80s in the Colomoncagua refugee camp, across the border in Honduras, I watched the daily bombing runs of Dragonfly jets over Morazán, part of the one million dollars a day in USA military aid to El Salvador. This period marked the beginning of the migration problem, which continues today given the failure of post-war reconstruction in providing economic opportunity.

Regarding President Trump’s remark that the USA should only accept the best, I would argue that we need them here. Our brightest and best went to war in the late 70s and most were killed or maimed. They continue to leave today in search of a means to care for their families. We need to create conditions that allow the brightest and best to stay here and build Morazán into its full potential.

Morazán was not destroyed in one day. It took a decade of pounding and a lot of resources to do it. It will take some time, resources and determination to reach our goal of prosperity.

Amún Shéa is focused on assisting the creation of that reality in which  the brightest and best may prosper and thrive here at home and migration is no longer the only option. It is no magic formula and offers no quick political solution. It is an arduous task, one step at a time, one student at a time, often seemingly against the current.

Public policy is important, but if you would like to join us on the groundwork, building change from this remote territory, we would more than welcome you.

Thank you
Ron Brenneman

 

Building the Great Wall

There is certainly much ado regarding the construction of a wall on the border of the United States with Mexico. Known primarily as the Great Wall or Trump’s Wall, the objective is to stop undocumented movement through the southern border.

As with most politically motivated projects, this proposal has created tremendous emotional reactions, both pro and con. In an emotionally charged debate such as this, everyone on both sides of the issue is absolutely convinced they are right. The emotions of this debate are fostered by frustrated illusions on the one hand and fear of unpleasant changes of lifestyle on the other. There is little effort put forth by either side to inject a bit of objectivity into an analysis of the situation. It is within this continuing disorder that a parasitic industry of traffickers, lawyers, jailers, and unscrupulous employers rake in tremendous profits. Many special interests are involved, some representing very powerful financial pursuits and a very few working for a solution.

If the answer to the problem of controlling illegal migration is to be reduced to simply putting an obstacle in the way, that is to build a wall, it is doomed to failure from the start. Actually it would likely result in strengthening the same parasitic industry of human trafficking by provoking an increase in the fare paid for transportation as they become more creative in their methods.

If we are able to overcome the emotional part of the discussion, perhaps we can come to the same conclusion as the American poet Robert Frost, when he wrote, “Good fences make good neighbors.” That is to say we need some order in the backyard and a clear definition of the boundaries in order to avoid a constant dispute with the neighbor. Remember that a good fence serves in both directions. In looking at El Salvador and the USA, it is clear that a case may be made for mutual accusation of invasion and abuse in recent history. It is also very clear that neither party has been represented by its most favorable spokespersons in this exchange. Fear is not a good advisor to either party. In order to move forward, we must quiet emotions, identify appropriate counterparts and start dealing with this in an objective manner.

In most cases, the decision to set off on the journey to the USA is made with the perception that it is the only option to obtain a decent livelihood. It is not a decision taken lightly. Loved ones are left behind, knowing that some will never be seen again, and children are left with grandparents. The sale of land or debt incurred provides the veritable fortune demanded by the trafficking industry. This is reality for, and is the decision made daily by, dozens of men and women in villages and hamlets throughout El Salvador. We often ask how it is possible that they are willing to give up so much and to risk life itself under such adverse conditions when it is compared to the option of investing a modest amount in their own country. The answer is very simple. The confidence factor. There is little confidence that conditions in the country can actually provide a secure enough opportunity to motivate such an investment.

Following the illusion of the “American Dream” requires a high level of courage and sacrifice. It also demands resignation! This combination forges a determination that will not be interrupted by concrete walls or razor wire. To put this in perspective, most are already paying 20 times the cost of an air ticket, and in addition, are willing to risk their very essence and being on a route fraught with inconceivable dangers. Can any wall actually contain this level of determination?

The only wall feasible for containing the migratory flow from El Salvador to the United States is one that makes it more attractive to stay here than to leave. It must replace the “American Dream” with the “Salvadoran Sueño”. It must be a wall that displaces the perception of migration as the only real economic option. That is a wall built of opportunity, in El Salvador.

The foundation of this wall must be an integrated educational program that prepares the young with a proactive attitude and sense of responsibility, real life skills and opportunities for achievement. This implies a true technical-professional preparation and scientific focus in the development of a new enterprises and technologies. The wall itself must incorporate innovation, investment and open access to all technical information and productive processes. The top of this barrier must be a public policy that motivates initiative and protects local and individual economic activity from outside intervention.

So, let’s come together and build this Great Wall. Let’s create the Salvadoran Sueño that keeps our talent here through a solid program of training and opportunity and keeps your opportunists on your side of the fence.

The practical issue that comes to mind of course, is the cost. Who is going to pay for all of this? A very good question and one which deserves serious discussion. A good question to start with is, who is paying now for the disorder? The information on security and protection costs is readily available for review and is staggeringly high. As an example, in 2015 the daily cost for holding a minor in custody for illegal border entry into the USA was $252. That amount would pay a full scholarship for 45 students at Amún Shéa, a private innovative problem-based learning program in Morazan, El Salvador, which is an area of extremely high migration. Does a 45 to one ratio sound like a good investment?

Mr. Trump, you are a businessman and fully understand the difference between an investment and wasted expenditure. Let’s make a deal and work together on building a wall of education and opportunity that works for both of us. If we accept that good fences (walls) make good neighbors, then great gates may be built as well, wide open and welcoming, making us even better neighbors!

Finding the starting point

img_5791Opportunities for learning have never been more extensive and accessible as they are today. The digital era opens the opportunity for anyone to learn any field, whether academic, technical or artistic.

Everything anyone desires to learn is literally at the distance of their fingertips and often under the guidance of world class experts. The major difficulty is actually choosing an appropriate package for oneself from among the many resources offered. Indeed, the offer is so overwhelming that it exceeds our ability to actually conceive it. Clearly, it is necessary to find a pathway, a starting point from which to navigate.

Some areas  of discussion on education and methodology will be phased out if we really enter into and seize the opportunities of the digital world. The controversial discussion regarding the role of the teacher and the conflict between the focus on content and processes, will tend to dissipate before this magnitude and diversity of learning opportunities.

How is it then that we have not taken full advantage of what the digital age offers? And how can we find that starting point?

From my observation of the educational process, while working in the Amún Shéa School in Morazán, I would argue that the current process of teaching and learning in general is governed by imitation. Many teachers do not teach from their own knowledge of the subjects, but reproduce the style and method of teachers they studied under during their own educational process. This lack of comprehension skills is replicated in students, cycle after cycle. It then radiates out into all areas of society where the norm becomes a game to provide the correct answer, albeit without much real knowledge of the subject.

This same phenomenon can be  observed daily, even outside of school. In my activities in tourism, as owner of the Hotel Perkin Lenca, on a daily basis I see the difficulty of understanding of my employees, suppliers and even the personnel of governmental agencies that visit us.

We have wasted effort and resources on motivational courses, technical training and the development of methodological manuals that in the end produce little progress in the participants. We have been commenting for some time now on the need to teach by example, because the difficulty in transferring new techniques and procedures, via both written and oral, is so evident. It turns out that this does not solve the problem either as it only provides another model to imitate.

Changes in knowledge and processes have reached an unprecedented rate. There is no longer time to imitate. Any copy, very soon becomes obsolete . It may sound extreme, but the accumulation of knowledge and processes is no longer valid. Where then does this leave our educational systems?

Regardless of age or position in society, the future will depend on individual capacity of comprehension, not only for success, but to maintain a minimum level of well-being.

The starting point then, is comprehension. Educational  institutions will maintain their relevance to the extent that they focus on promoting comprehension at three levels: oral, written and social. The concepts of oral and written comprehension are well known and basic. Social comprehension refers to empathy, the understanding of the human condition in others.

Those who are equipped with comprehension have all knowledge at their disposal. No barrier exists that can stop them.